# Instance Properties

# $data

  • Type: Object

  • Details:

    The data object that the component instance is observing. The component instance proxies access to the properties on its data object.

  • See also: Options / Data - data

# $props

  • Type: Object

  • Details:

    An object representing the current props a component has received. The component instance proxies access to the properties on its props object.

# $el

  • Type: any

  • Read only

  • Details:

    The root DOM element that the component instance is managing.

    For components using fragments, $el will be the placeholder DOM node that Vue uses to keep track of the component's position in the DOM. It is recommended to use template refs for direct access to DOM elements instead of relying on $el.

# $options

  • Type: Object

  • Read only

  • Details:

    The instantiation options used for the current component instance. This is useful when you want to include custom properties in the options:

    const app = Vue.createApp({
      customOption: 'foo',
      created() {
        console.log(this.$options.customOption) // => 'foo'
      }
    })
    
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# $parent

  • Type: Component instance

  • Read only

  • Details:

    The parent instance, if the current instance has one.

# $root

  • Type: Component instance

  • Read only

  • Details:

    The root component instance of the current component tree. If the current instance has no parents this value will be itself.

# $slots

  • Type: { [name: string]: (...args: any[]) => Array<VNode> | undefined }

  • Read only

  • Details:

    Used to programmatically access content distributed by slots. Each named slot has its own corresponding property (e.g. the contents of v-slot:foo will be found at this.$slots.foo()). The default property contains either nodes not included in a named slot or contents of v-slot:default.

    Accessing this.$slots is most useful when writing a component with a render function.

  • Example:

    <blog-post>
      <template v-slot:header>
        <h1>About Me</h1>
      </template>
    
      <template v-slot:default>
        <p>
          Here's some page content, which will be included in $slots.default.
        </p>
      </template>
    
      <template v-slot:footer>
        <p>Copyright 2020 Evan You</p>
      </template>
    </blog-post>
    
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    const app = Vue.createApp({})
    
    app.component('blog-post', {
      render() {
        return Vue.h('div', [
          Vue.h('header', this.$slots.header()),
          Vue.h('main', this.$slots.default()),
          Vue.h('footer', this.$slots.footer())
        ])
      }
    })
    
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  • See also:

# $refs

  • Type: Object

  • Read only

  • Details:

An object of DOM elements and component instances, registered with ref attributes.

# $attrs

  • Type: Object

  • Read only

  • Details:

Contains parent-scope attribute bindings and events that are not recognized (and extracted) as component props or custom events. When a component doesn't have any declared props or custom events, this essentially contains all parent-scope bindings, and can be passed down to an inner component via v-bind="$attrs" - useful when creating higher-order components.

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Last updated: 10/7/2020, 4:31:53 AM